Papilio cresphontes Cramer
Wing span: 4-6 ¼ inches (10.2-16cm)
Identification: The forewing has a diagonal band of yellow spots. The tails are edged with black and filled with yellow.
Early stages: Males patrol for receptive females. Females lay single
eggs on host leaves and twigs. Caterpillars resemble bird droppings; they are brown with white blotches. Chrysalids hibernate.
Caterpillar hosts: Herbs and trees of the citrus family (Rutaceae), mainly prickly ash, and hop tree.
Adult food: Nectar from lantana, bougainvilla, bouncing bet, dame’s
rocket, goldenrod, azalea, Japanese honeysuckle, and swamp milkweed.
Flight: Two in the north from May-September, and all year in Florida and the Deep South.
Range: Southern Canada through U.S east of the Rockies, south into Mexico, and southwest into Arizona and California.
Habitat: Rocky and sandy exposed hillsides, and near streams or gullies in the north; pine
flatwoods, and citrus grooves in the south.
Interesting facts: Citrus growers know this species of swallowtail as the "Orange Dog". It is often considered a citrus pest and is subjected to massive spraying. The Giant,
Thoas, and female Tiger Swallowtails are the largest North Americans Butterflies.
Equipment used to capture this image.
Camera: Nikon F4s
Lens: Nikon 105mm 2.8 Micro
Tripod: No tripod was used on this image.
I followed the Swallow Tail for time and finally captured several images.
Film: Fuji Provia 100